With ample of good and quality frameworks of PHP available, which one will suit the web solution needs of a particular business or organisation is hard to decide. This is certainly the most common query that comes to the minds of the developers when they seek for a befitting framework which makes their job lenient and smooth, even if they have to build some complex web applications. While Laravel and Symfony both are the trending names for reliable and cost-effective web solutions, picking up which framework will be rational for a concerned web project is hard to determine. There are numerous aspects to consider to conclude on any framework which includes features, scalability, long-term support and strong community support. Before diving into a conclusion, here are the technical comparisons between the two contenders.
Even though both frameworks have some restrictions in installations, there are some ease or freedom otherwise in their installation procedures. While in this case, Symfony’s composer plays the crucial role because it can best handle the components, Laravel too is easy-to-install via its own Installer or Composer create-project option. In any way, both frameworks are available for installation via a composer which is a plus for those using Composer to handle packages.
There is a sharp distinction between the data accessibility and migration of both the frameworks. Symphony uses Doctrine, where Laravel utilises the Eloquent. In the Doctrine, one just has to define the model and migrations are done automatically. However, in Eloquent, one has to make migration manually and there’s no need for defining the fields in the model. This clearly draws out that Laravel is a sure winner in this regard.
Access to database
As mentioned in the above point, Laravel make use of Eloquent in which accessing the data is more flexible. The only thing of concern is some standard knowledge about SQL as most of its functions are on SQL equivalents. In case of Symfony, every time one needs to access a data, he needs to build a repository function earlier. Since there’s no other way to access any complicated structure, the repository functions must expand. Thus, one clear advantage of Laravel is its robust coverage of possibilities. While many situations are there in Doctrine where dealing with sensible functions result in errors, Eloquent is capable of accepting any request and turn them into valid SQL.
While Symfony makes use of the Twig templating system where the code is clean and way easier, Laravel plies Blade templating where every file gets converted by default into raw PHP processing. Twig has some notable advantages like nicer looking code, big community and large keywords added to extensions. On the other hand, a big advantage of Blade is its ability to reuse code. The second added benefit is that it works fine with front-end frameworks or library extensions.
Performance and cache system
Caching is a foremost consideration for web developers nowadays. While both Symfony and Laravel are capable of caching views, only the former one by default is a caching source code. However, Laravel works seamlessly and faster despite Symfony using the cache. This is mainly because of the top-notch performance of the Laravel for which one never require the use of cache in it.
The winning score in the battle definitely goes to Laravel, but that does not necessarily imply Laravel is the ultimate platform. Both are excellent options providing the environment for the full-stack development of varied categories of web applications development.